NEB Class 12 Questions: NEB 12 Model Questions 2080/2024


NEB Class 12 Routine 2080-2081: Class 12 Routine

Human Rights & Age of Inequality Exercise Class 12 English

Class 12 English Chapter 5 Essay Section, Samuel Moyn Essay: Human Rights and the Age of Inequality Exercise Question Answer Solution note.
Human Rights and the Age of Inequality Exercise

Human Rights and The Age of Inequality Exercise

Class 12 English Chapter 5 (Essay Section): Samuel Moyn Essay: Human Rights and the Age of Inequality Exercise Question Answer Solution note.



Understanding the Text.


Answer the following questions.


a. What is the first human rights declaration adopted by the United Nations?

Answer➡The first human rights declaration adopted by the United Nations is mobilization for economic and social rights.


b. When does Human Rights Day take place?

Answer➡ Human Rights Day is on December 10th every year.


c. What is the goal of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?

Answer➡ The goal of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is to provide a list of the most basic entitlements or key values like fairness, dignity, equality and respect that humans deserve thanks to being human itself. Furthermore, its aim is to assert the ” foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the in the world.”


d. What are two big stages that involve writing the history of human rights in relation to that of political economy?

Answer➡ The two big stages that involve writing the history of human rights in relation to that of political economy are:

  • The heroic age of national welfare after World War II.
  • The bitter enemies of the new cold war era in 1948.


e. What are the facts that have been missed in Roosevelt’s call for a “second Bill of Rights”?

Answer➡ The facts that have been missed in Roosevelt’s call for a “second Bill of rights” are:

  • It marked a provincial America’s late and ginger entry into a North Atlantic consensus which is already foreordained.
  • His highest promise was “special privileges for the few” instead of protection of masses which creates a ceiling of inequality.
  • He hoped that it would h4 the globe but it was organized nationally instead of organizing internationally. 


f. Write the truth expressed in Herodotus’s Histories. 

Answer➡ The truth expressed in Herodotus' Histories is that global socio-economic justice, like local socio-economic justice, would require redistribution under pressure from the Now Offering Lower Interest Rates for International Students Who Are Planning Ahead. Ads by Send feedback Why this ad? rich to the poor by novel forms of legal activism.


g. Why is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights important to you?

Answer➡ The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is important because it provides a universal standard for human rights that should be protected and respected by all nations. It recognizes a broad range of civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights as essential to human dignity and calls for the promotion and protection of these rights for all people.



Reference to the Context.


a. Does the essay give ways on how to stigmatize inequality? Explain.

Answer➡

The essay "Human Rights and the Age of Inequality” doesn't give ways on how to stigmatize inequality but it discusses some ideas about the stigmatization of inequality.

Most of all, history suggests they are the wrong kind of agent: not fearful enough to provoke redistribution. If inequality increases like this, some days opponents will arise, so it is better to maintain equality and justice in society. 

Social equality and emancipation can be justified by forming a new kind of human rights movement to shake the common people. The humanitarian side of all human beings requires proper supervision and monitoring, supporting stakeholders, making stricter laws, removing favouritism and maintaining justice and equality.

Inequality is considered a stigma for society as it creates discord and conflict among the people so it needs proper balance.


b. Is another human rights movement necessary? Why?

Answer➡

The essayist says that another human rights movement is needed because:

  • Politics everywhere, 
  • those in authority breach the law.
  • There is still a lot of nepotism and favouritism going on in society today,
  • The law is not equal for everybody.
  • There is still a great deal of political and social domination.
  • Laws and rights exist only on paper; they are never enforced.

All people, regardless of wealth or social status, need equal access to justice and equal protection of their human rights.



Reference beyond the Context.


a. What are the challenges in maintaining human rights in Nepal?

Answer➡

Human rights are the rights that are defined as moral principles or norms for certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected in municipal and international law. These rights are the rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

These rights are called the basic rights that all citizens get in different countries. In the life of human beings, these rights play a very vital role. In every aspect of life, human rights make sure that citizens are not discriminated against based on their gender, colour, property, caste etc. 

In the context of Nepal, our constitution has guaranteed human rights by providing various rights to the citizens. The Constitution of Nepal 2072 has mentioned various fundamental rights to all the Nepalese people in its Article 16 to Article 46. These Articles include freedom for all citizens to live with dignity, freedom of speech and expression, religious and cultural freedom, right against untouchability and discrimination etc. 

In addition to basic human rights, children and women have rights according to their needs. In Nepal, human rights violations are causing a lot of backlash due to the political instability in the country and the conclusion. Major human rights violations were experienced when the Maoist group was fighting against the king and the monarchy for 10 years, where the current human rights issues include poverty, education, inequality, violation of child rights etc.

To this end, Nepalese security forces worked meticulously in places often beyond the reach of civilian control. Nepal also faces many other challenges in maintaining human rights such as discrimination, global inequalities, weak institutions, armed conflict and violence, diversity of democracy.

Everyone should understand the concept of equality and should not be afraid to exercise their rights in their country. The human rights situation in Nepal is much better now than before, but there is still a long way to go for the development of equality and fraternity.

The main challenging factors in maintaining human rights in Nepal are as follows:

  • Poverty (especially in rural areas)
  • Education and gender inequality
  • Health issues
  • Child rights violations
  • Abuse of power, nepotism, corruption, bribery, illiteracy and ignorance of the people.
  • Preference for personal gain or favour
  • Lack of proper mechanism to streamline policies.
  • Lack of proper strategies to enforce the rules of law etc.


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