Class 10 English Guide 2080 Unit 8 Hobbies and Interests, Lesson 1 Common Habits Exercise, Question Answer, Summary Grammar Writing Solution note.
Answer the following questions.
a. What are the common hobbies people often practise?
Some common hobbies people often practice include:Reading, Cooking, Dancing, Drawing, Playing music, etc.
b. What is your hobby? Why did you choose it?
My hobby is sketching cartoons. I chose it because I find cartoon characters to be very fascinating and expressive. I enjoy the challenge of trying to capture their unique personalities and emotions in my sketches.
I also find sketching to be a very relaxing and enjoyable activity. It helps me to de-stress and focus on my creativity. I also like the fact that I can create something unique and original with my sketches.
A. Write synonyms and antonyms for the following words from the text.
a. unrevealed (synonym) ⇒ hidden
b. sharpen (synonym) ⇒ hone
c. boring (antonym) ⇒ exciting
d. unexcited (antonym) ⇒ passionate
e. healing (synonym) ⇒ therapeutic
f. frame (synonym) ⇒ easel
B. Find the meanings of the following words/phrases from a dictionary and use them in sentences of your own.
Meaning: To set fire to (something), to light (something)
Sentence: He ignites every single thing of his house.
Meaning: Sought-after; popular; coveted
Sentence: The new car in the showroom is in-demand.
c. let off
Meaning: To cause to explode or come out; to release.
Sentence: They let off the hostages after three days.
d. a notch
Meaning: A V-shaped or U-shaped indentation
Sentence: She turned her car furiously at a notch.
Meaning: Given to strong feeling, sometimes romantic, sexual, or both.
Sentence: Jack is passionate about her.
Meaning: The act by which something is refurbished or restored.
Sentence: The old bridge has been refurbished by them.
g. a blog
Meaning: A website that allows users to reflect, share opinions, and discuss various topics in the form of an online journal, sometimes letting readers comment on their posts.
Sentence: They are intending to create a new blog in health related niche.
h. hanging out
Meaning: To spend a lot of time in a place or with someone.
Sentence: We are hanging out with our friends here.
C. Write True if the information is true, False if it is false and NG, if the information is not given in the text.
a. Outdoor hobbies are more popular than indoor hobbies.
b. You need more effort for reading than for other hobbies.
c. Only good dancers choose dancing as their hobby.
d. Antiques are also used for interior decoration in a house.
e. Paintings can be used to express your feelings.
f. People who choose photography as their hobbies are pro photographers.
g. Keeping journals helps people become successful.
h. Flexibility in time and place is the best part of knitting.
D. Answer these questions.
a. What aspects of our life influence the hobbies we choose?
The aspects of our life that influence the hobbies we choose include our interests, personality, skills, cultural values, and availability of resources.
b. What makes reading the most popular hobby?
Reading is the most popular hobby because it is a versatile activity that can be enjoyed alone or with others, it can be done anywhere, and it provides opportunities for learning, entertainment, and personal growth.
c. How can people practise dancing?
People can practise dancing by putting some music on in their living room, or joining a dance studio, or taking some online dancing courses.
d. What things are necessary for one to go with painting?
Some paints and brushes are the things that are necessary for one to go with painting.
e. Write the benefits of doing photography.
Ans:- The benefits of doing photography include preserving memories and we can have beautiful pictures on our walls.
f. Why has writing become a popular hobby?
Ans:- Writing has become a popular hobby because it provides freedom in expression of emotions and feelings and exploring thoughts.
g. How can knitting be rewarding to a person?
Ans:- It can be rewarding to a person because it allows him/her to make good use of his/her free time while engaging in a productive and creative activity.
E. Do you think a person's hobby really helps him/her in professional career? Discuss.
Yes, I think a person's hobby really helps him/her in professional career. Hobby helps people in the development of their skills. These skills can lead people towards perfection. Achieved skills through hobbies can be a fruitful reward for people to develop their professional careers. They can achieve the height of perfection if they are extremely skilful in their hobbies. Participating in a hobby can help people develop their various abilities.
They can apply all their abilities at work and become successful in achieving their goals. The most important thing is passion towards doing something. If people show their passion as well as dedication towards their hobbies, they will do great in their professional careers. Hobbies teach people the way of living their lives. People prefer to choose such professions where they feel free to display their creativity along with passion. Participating in hobbies can reduce stress and increase job satisfaction, leading to higher productivity and better job performance.
A. Complete the following sentences with the correct passive forms of the verbs.
a. Ganga feeds the clogs.
The dogs are fed by Ganga.
b. The police catch a lot of criminals in London.
A lot of criminals are caught in London.
c. They often help us.
We are often helped.
d. They don't rent cars there.
Cars aren't rented there.
e. Do you turn the laptop on first?
Is the laptop turned on first?
f. Somebody follows me home every evening.
Every evening I am followed home.
g. We usually leave a saucer of milk for the cat.
A saucer of milk is usually left for the cat.
h. I like journalists following me on the way.
I like being followed on the way.
i. I loathe people pulling my hair.
I loathe having my hair pulled.
j. Ashmina adores teachers checking her notebooks.
Ashmina adores having her notebooks checked.
k. Deuniya does not mind anyone mocking at him
Deuniya does not mind being mocked at him.
B. Change the following sentences into passive voice.
a. The gardener waters the flowers every day.
The flowers are watered every day by the gardener.
b. People see foxes in their gardens at night.
Foxes are seen in their gardens at night.
c. We expect students not to talk during examination.
Students are expected not to talk during examination.
d. Rivers of fresh water form this lake.
This lake is formed by rivers of fresh water.
e. National parks attract many domestic and foreign tourists.
Many domestic and foreign tourists are attracted by National parks.
f. They promise him higher wages.
He is promised higher wages.
g. Does Biraj always beat Balgopal?
Is Balgopal always beaten by Biraj?
h. Nobody knows the secret.
The secret is not known.
i. They are sure to help the helpless.
The helpless are sure to be helped.
j. Scientists have to discover a more effective vaccine for Covid-19.
A more effective vaccine for Covi-19 has to be discovered by scientists.
k. What do they prefer to eat?
What is preferred to eat?
l. Sources say most people in the region are still illiterate.
Most of the people are said to be still illiterate.
People have different hobbies and interests which may lead them to their careers they adopt. Write an essay on your hobbies explaining how they might influence your career.
Hobbies are activities that people do in their free time to relax and have fun. They may include anything from playing sports, reading, writing, painting, or even gardening. Hobbies not only provide us with a chance to unwind and take our minds off work or school, but they can also influence our career choices.
In my case, writing is my hobby, and it has helped me develop my communication and language skills. Writing has allowed me to express my thoughts and emotions through words and helped me become more creative in my thinking process. Additionally, my writing hobby has exposed me to different styles of writing, from academic to creative writing, which has increased my versatility as a writer.
My writing hobby has influenced my career choices as well. As a result of my love for writing, I decided to pursue a career in journalism. Journalism has enabled me to utilize my writing skills in a professional setting and has allowed me to communicate effectively with a broader audience. My writing hobby has also provided me with the foundation to work as a freelance writer, which has helped me gain more writing experience and earn a living doing what I love.
Moreover, writing has also opened up other career opportunities for me, such as content writing, copywriting, and technical writing. These careers have provided me with a chance to showcase my writing skills and expand my horizons in the writing field.
In conclusion, hobbies can have a significant impact on our careers. They can help us develop skills and knowledge that are transferable to different fields. In my case, writing has provided me with the tools to excel in the journalism field, and it has opened up many doors for me. Therefore, I would encourage everyone to pursue their hobbies, as they may hold the key to a fulfilling career.
Next Chapter: Unit 8 Lesson 2: Climbing