Class 10 English Guide 2080 Unit 7 Cyber Security, Lesson 1 Parents Exercise, Question Answer, Summary Grammar Writing Solution note.
A. Choose the words/phrases given below and write against the correct definitions.
[munching, ridiculous, window shopping, stammer, obsessed, lurking, outfit, leer, swerve, stamp]
a. remaining hidden so as to wait for somebody secretly - lurking
b. preoccupied with something continually to a troubling extent - obsessed
c. the act of looking at goods displayed in shop windows without intending to buy them - window shopping
d. bringing down one's feet heavily down on the ground - stamp
e. deserving or inviting disapproval; absurd - ridiculous
f. a set of clothes worn for a particular occasion or activity - outfit
g. to turn aside abruptly from a straight line or course - swerve
h. eating something hard, steadily and noisily - munching
i. look or gaze in an unpleasant and offensive way - leer
j. speaking with difficulty, repeating sounds or words and often stopping - stammer
B. Rewrite the following sentences in chronological order.
c. Anuja told her father that she wanted to see her new friend.
e. She told her father about her new e-friend.
a. Her father accompanied her to meet her friend.
g. He observed that Anuja was looking like a boy in her new dress.
d. She revealed her secret e-identity to her father.
b. They saw a car on the other side of the road.
h. They waited for Anuja's friend for ten minutes.
f. Anuja's father shared the incident with his friend.
C. Read the story again and answer these questions.
a. Why do you think Anuja was unwilling to take her father along with her to meet her new friend?
Anuja was unwilling to take her father along with her to meet her new friend because she was afraid that his physical appearance, particularly his age, large belly, and baldness, would embarrass her.
b. How does she criticise her father?
Anuja criticizes her father by calling him obsessed.
c. Describe Anuja's e-friend.
Anuja's e-friend is 12 and Anuja is very fond of her.
d. What (Why) did Anuja's father propose to go with her?
Anuja's father proposed to go with her because he wanted to meet her friend and make sure that she was safe.
e. What was the shocking news for her father?
For her father, the shocking news was that she chatted with her e-friend as a boy.
f. Why did they return without meeting Anuja's friend?
They returned without meeting Anuja's friend because they couldn't find any girl at the place where they were supposed to meet. They waited for ten minutes and saw a car parked with dark windows on the other side of the road, but it sped away. The narrator concluded that the girl was fake, and they left.
g. Why do you think Dhurva laughed at the story of Anuja's father?
Dhurva laughed at the story of Anuja's father because he found the situation humorous. He revealed to the narrator that the reason Anuja's friend and her mother did not appear at the meeting place was that they saw an old man with a big stomach and a bald head lurking around.
h. How did the girl's mother see Anuja's father?
The girl's mother saw Anuja's father from her car as he was lurking around the meeting place. All she could see was an old man with a big stomach and a bald head. They didn't talk to each other because she drove the car back home without meeting him.
Faking identities and bullying others online can have serious consequences for both the victims and the perpetrators.
- Emotional and psychological harm: Bullying and identity theft can cause significant emotional and psychological distress, including feelings of humiliation, fear, anxiety, and depression. This can lead to a decline in mental well-being, eroded self-esteem, and a diminished quality of life.
- Damage to reputation: The spread of false information or malicious rumors online can tarnish a person's reputation, both personally and professionally. This can lead to social isolation, lost job opportunities, and strained relationships.
- Legal consequences: In many jurisdictions, cyberbullying, identity theft, and harassment are illegal. Perpetrators may face legal consequences, such as fines or imprisonment, depending on the severity of the offense.
- Impact on mental health and well-being: Faking identities and engaging in bullying behavior can take a toll on the perpetrators' own mental health and well-being. Constant deception and harmful behavior can lead to guilt, shame, and a distorted sense of self. Over time, perpetrators may become desensitized to their actions and struggle with empathy and healthy relationships.
- Social consequences: The prevalence of fake identities and online bullying contributes to a toxic online culture. It erodes trust, empathy, and respectful communication among internet users. This can create hostile online environments where people feel unsafe and discouraged from participating in online discussions or sharing their authentic selves.
It is important to be aware of the potential consequences of faking identities and bullying others online. By promoting digital ethics, empathy, and responsible online behavior, we can create a safer and more inclusive digital space for everyone.
B. Complete the sentences below with should, ought to or must. Use the negative forms where necessary.
a. Every child should take good care of their ageing parents.
b. If you want to lose weight, you ought to exercise regularly.
c. A: Someone picked up my pocket.
B: You must inform the police about it.
d. A: How was the movie?
B : It was great. You should go and see it.
e. We must not disrespect our nation at any cost.
f. You look ill. You should see a doctor.
g. In order to maintain healthy habits, we should go to bed early and get up early in the morning.
h. You must not offend people with your harsh words.
i. We should learn to apologise with people to build trust and cooperation.
j. If you find someone's goods, you should try to return them to the respective person.
B. Imagine that you are Niti, and that you were unable to attend the function. Write a reply email to Sambridhi apologising for your inability to attend her brother's wedding due to an urgent family business.
Subject: Regret for Being Unable to Attend the Wedding Celebration
I am writing to express my sincere regret for being unable to attend Naman's wedding reception. I am deeply disappointed that an urgent family matter will prevent me from celebrating this joyous occasion with you and your family.
I understand that this is a significant day for Naman and your family, and I am truly sorry that I will not be able to join you in person.
Please accept my heartfelt congratulations to Naman and his partner on their upcoming union. I wish them a lifetime of love, happiness, and togetherness. May their wedding day be filled with joy and cherished memories.
I value our relationship with you and your family very much, and I am truly saddened that I will not be able to celebrate with you in person. I hope that you and your loved ones have a wonderful time at the wedding reception, and that the day is everything you have dreamed of.
I would love to make it up to you and Naman by taking you both out to dinner or drinks sometime soon. Please let me know when you are free.
With warmest regards, Niti
NEXT Exercise: Unit 7 Lesson 2: Cyber Security: Basic Internet Safety Tips